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African languages

 

The African continent differs from all others by the very large number of its indigenous languages. Estimates range from 700 to 3000 different languages and dialects. Such a high number testifies to the high degree of isolation in which the respective communities developed their specific languages.

 

Family

Branch

Group

Language

Remarks

Afro-asiatic

Anc. Egyptian . . Extinct
Semitic North Akkadian (Assyro-Babylon) Extinct
Center Phoenician Extinct
Aramaic Extinct
Hebrew Israel
South-Center Arabic .
South Sabaean, Ge'ez Extinct
Amharic Ethiopia
Tigrinya, Tigré Eritrea
Berber . Tuareg Maghreb
Cushitic . Afar, Issa, Orominga, Somali Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia
Chadic . Hausa .
 Nilo-Saharan Saharan . .Songhai, Kanuri .
Chari-Nile Nubian . Coptic alphabet
Nilotic Dinka, Massai, Nuer, Shilluk, Acholi, Luo Passive voice
 Niger-Congo
Kordofanian . 30 Sudan
Mande . Malinke, Bambara, Soninke, Dyula (Senegal, Mali, Guinea), Mende (Sierra Leone), Kpelle (Liberia) .
Benue-Congo
Bantu - east Swahili & Sukuma (Tanzania), Kikuyu (Kenya), Ganda (Uganda), Nyanja (Malawi), Shona (Zimbabwe), Bemba (Zambia), Ovango (Namibia), Zulu & Xhosa (South Africa), Makua (Mozambique), SeSotho (Lesotho), SiSwati (Swaziland) .
Bantu - west Herero (Namibia), Tonga (Zimbabwe).Kimbundu & Umbundu (Angola), Rwanda (Rwanda), Rundi (Burundi), Kongo (Congo), Fang & Bulu Cameroun, Tswana (South Africa) .
Sudanic . Yoruba, Igbo, Edo .
Kwa . Ewe (Togo &Ghana), Asante, Fante, Twi (Ghana), Anyi, Baule (Côte d'Ivoire) .
Gur . More, Bariba, Gurma .
Ubangi . Zande, Banda, Ngbandi .
Adamawa . Waja, Mumuye, Mbum .
Atlantic . Teme (Sierra Leone), Wolof (Senegal), Fulani (guinea, Nigeria, Cameroun) .
 Khoisan San . Nama, Sandawe, Hadza Clicks
Khoikhoi . Aven, Gwi, Heikum, Kung, Naron Clicks
. . . . .

 

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